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Trehalose induced structural modulation of Bovine Serum Albumin at ambient temperature

Das, Ahana, Basak, Pijush, Pattanayak, Rudradip, Kar, Turban, Majumder, Rajib, Pal, Debadrita, Bhattacharya, Anindita, Bhattacharyya, Maitree, Banik, Samudra Prosad
International journal of biological macromolecules 2017
acrylamides, ambient temperature, binding capacity, bovine serum albumin, curcumin, fluorescence, hydrodynamics, models, resveratrol, solvents, trehalose, tryptophan, viscosity, vitrification
Trehalose is a well-known protein stabilizing osmolyte. The present study has been designed to understand the interaction of trehalose with BSA at ambient temperature. Steady state fluorescence and life-time analysis along with CD, DLS and ITC have been employed to show that trehalose causes surface-associated structural perturbation of BSA to promote its compaction. Trehalose at 0.1M concentration resulted in increased solvent exposure of one of the two tryptophans of BSA with a 5nm redshift in emission and enhanced susceptibility to acrylamide quenching with an increase in KSV from 2.61M−1to 5.16M−1. 0.5M trehalose resulted in reduced accessibility of tryptophan and destabilization of ANS binding (Forster radius increased from 24Å to 27.36Å for tryptophan-ANS FRET) indicating shielding of BSA in trehalose matrix. Simultaneously, there was compaction of BSA as shown by increased alpha-helicity from 45.85% to 48.81%, decreased thioflavin-T binding and reduction in hydrodynamic radius from 9.69nm to 6.59nm. Trehalose induced solution viscosity resulted in significant decrease in binding affinity of BSA towards curcumin and resveratrol. The results are in unison with the preferential exclusion and vitrification models to explain protein stabilization by trehalose and also points at the structure-function trade-off of proteins in presence of trehalose.