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Increment of root membrane permeability caused by microcystins result in more elements uptake in rice (Oryza sativa)

Cao, Qing, Steinman, Alan D., Yao, Lei, Xie, Liqiang
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2017 v.145 pp. 431-435
Oryza sativa, antioxidants, copper, iron, lipid peroxidation, manganese, membrane permeability, microcystins, phytotoxicity, rice, roots, zinc
We conducted an indoor culture experiment to evaluate the phytotoxic effect of microcystins (MCs) on rice. After a 30day exposure, MCs induced a clear inhibition in rice growth, as well as a disruption of its antioxidant system and lipid peroxidation. We observed an increase in root membrane permeability; the conductivity of the leakage solution of the roots at 50 and 500μgL−1 was significantly increased by 77% and 136%, respectively, compared to the control. Uptake of microelements (Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn) was generally not affected after the 30day exposure to MCs. In contrast, uptake of macroelements, with the exception of K, was stimulated by MCs. Ca content in roots exposed to 500μgL−1 showed the greatest increase, by 47%, compared to the control. We propose the following mechanisms to explain our experimental results: exposure of rice roots to MCs leads to root damage and loss of membrane integrity, resulting in greater permeability and uptake of elements.