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Biodegradation behavior and modelling of soil burial effect on degradation rate of PLA blended with starch and wood flour B Biointerfaces

Lv, Shanshan, Zhang, Yanhua, Gu, Jiyou, Tan, Haiyan
Colloids and surfaces 2017 v.159 pp. 800-808
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, biodegradation, colloids, correlation, durability, fuels, hydrolysis, microbial growth, models, polylactic acid, ravines, soil, starch, strength (mechanics), weight loss, wood flour
The biodegradation behavior of Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) blended with starch and wood flour in outdoor soil was investigated comprehensively. As a result, starch provided a biological fuel for the growth of microorganisms in the soil which accelerated the degradation rate of PLA more obviously than wood flour. With the increase of starch content, the weight loss increased and the morphology exhibited more gullies and cavities. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) analysis indicated that the variation of O/C ratio was controlled by starch biodegradation and PLA hydrolysis and they were a concomitant process. The mechanical strengths of all the blends showed similar trend and fitted a first-order exponential decay model. The model is shown in good agreement with experimental results as the correlation coefficient is higher than 0.99, and the model can support an efficient method to estimate the durability of starch/wood flour/PLA blends.