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Sequencing and analysis of the complete genome of Rana grylio virus (RGV)

Lei, Xiao-Ying, Ou, Tong, Zhu, Ruo-Lin, Zhang, Qi-Ya
Archives of virology 2012 v.157 no.8 pp. 1559-1564
DNA, Iridovirus, Rana, Ranavirus, frogs, genes, microRNA, mortality, open reading frames, phylogeny, sequence analysis, virus replication, viruses
Infection with Rana grylio virus (RGV), an iridovirus isolated in China in 1995, resulted in a high mortality rate in frogs. The complete genome sequence of RGV was determined and analyzed. The genomic DNA was 105,791 bp long, with 106 open reading frames (ORFs). Dot plot analysis showed that the gene order of RGV shared colinearity with three completely sequenced ranaviruses. A phylogenetic tree was constructed based on concatenated sequences of iridovirus 26 core-gene-encoded proteins, and the result showed high bootstrap support for RGV being a member of the genus Ranavirus and that iridoviruses of other genera also clustered closely. A microRNA (miRNA) prediction revealed that RGV could encode 18 mature miRNAs, many of which were located near genes associated with virus replication. Thirty-three repeated sequences were found in the RGV genome. These results provide insight into the genetic nature of RGV and are useful for laboratory diagnosis for vertebrate iridoviruses.