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Proteomic analysis reveals strong mitochondrial involvement in cytoplasmic male sterility of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

Guo, Jinju, Wang, Peng, Cheng, Qing, Sun, Limin, Wang, Hongyu, Wang, Yutong, Kao, Lina, Li, Yanan, Qiu, Tuoyu, Yang, Wencai, Shen, Huolin
Journal of proteomics 2017 v.168 pp. 15-27
Capsicum annuum, abortion (plants), breeding, cytoplasmic male sterility, electron transport chain, exine, genes, genetic engineering, hybrids, liquid chromatography, liquids, mass spectrometry, mitochondria, oxidative stress, pepper, pollen, proteins, proteomics, pyruvic acid, rapid methods, stress response, sweet peppers, tricarboxylic acid cycle
Although cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is widely used for developing pepper hybrids, its molecular mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we used a high-throughput proteomics method called label-free to compare protein abundance across a pepper CMS line (A-line) and its isogenic maintainer line (B-line). Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD006104. Approximately 324 differentially abundant protein species were identified and quantified; among which, 47 were up-accumulated and 140 were down-accumulated in the A-line; additionally, 75 and 62 protein species were specifically accumulated in the A-line and B-line, respectively. Protein species involved in pollen exine formation, pyruvate metabolic processes, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, the mitochondrial electron transport chain, and oxidative stress response were observed to be differentially accumulated between A-line and B-line, suggesting their potential roles in the regulation of pepper pollen abortion. Based on our data, we proposed a potential regulatory network for pepper CMS that unifies these processes.Artificial emasculation is a major obstacle in pepper hybrid breeding for its high labor cost and poor seed purity. While the use of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in hybrid system is seriously frustrated because a long time is needed to cultivate male sterility line and its isogenic restore line. Transgenic technology is an effective and rapid method to obtain male sterility lines and its widely application has very important significance in speeding up breeding process in pepper. Although numerous studies have been conducted to select the genes related to male sterility, the molecular mechanism of cytoplasmic male sterility in pepper remains unknown. In this study, we used the high-throughput proteomic method called “label-free”, coupled with liquid chromatography-quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS), to perform a novel comparison of expression profiles in a CMS pepper line and its maintainer line. Based on our results, we proposed a potential regulated protein network involved in pollen development as a novel mechanism of pepper CMS.