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Changes in protein abundance and activity involved in freezing tolerance acquisition in winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

Gołębiowska-Pikania, Gabriela, Kopeć, Przemysław, Surówka, Ewa, Krzewska, Monika, Dubas, Ewa, Nowicka, Anna, Rapacz, Marcin, Wójcik-Jagła, Magdalena, Malaga, Sabina, Żur, Iwona
Journal of proteomics 2017 v.169 pp. 58-72
H+/K+-exchanging ATPase, H-transporting ATP synthase, Hordeum vulgare, acclimation, biochemical pathways, catalase, cold tolerance, doubled haploids, enzyme activity, fatty acids, ferredoxin-NADP reductase, freezing, genetic variation, genotype, hydrogen peroxide, isozymes, leaves, methyltransferases, mitochondria, photosystem II, proteins, proteomics, ribosomal RNA, ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase, ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase activase, seedlings, stress response, temperature, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, winter barley
The changes in protein abundance induced by cold hardening were analysed by 2 DE in ten doubled haploid (DH) lines of winter barley, highly differentiated with respect to freezing tolerance level. Among 45 differential proteins identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF, the majority was classified as related to photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, oxidation-reduction reactions and stress response. Among the detected proteins, higher abundance of RuBisCO large and small subunits, RuBisCO activase, two Oxygen-evolving enhancer proteins, Ferredoxin-NADP reductase, Cytochrome P450-dependent fatty acid hydroxylase and 14-3-3 protein was associated with higher freezing tolerance level. Lower relative level of hypothetical ATP synthase beta subunit, uncharacterized mitochondrial protein AtMg00810 and ribosomal RNA small subunit methyltransferase G also seems to be important.The results of proteomic studies were complemented by the evaluation of photosynthetic apparatus acclimation, showing distinctive differences between the studied genotypes in the number of active PSII reaction centres (RC/CSm). Additionally, the analysis of antioxidative enzyme activities suggests the importance of H2O2 as a signalling molecule possibly involved in the initiation of cold-induced plant acclimation. However, in DH lines with high freezing tolerance, H2O2 generation during cold hardening treatment was accompanied by more stable activity of catalase, H2O2-decomposing enzyme.In the study, the changes in protein abundance induced by cold hardening treatment were analysed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis in ten doubled haploid (DH) lines of winter barley. Harnessing DH technology resulted in distinctive widening of genetic variation with respect to freezing tolerance level. Both the cold-hardening effect on the protein pattern in an individual winter barley DH line as well as the variation among the selected DH lines were investigated, which resulted in the identification of 45 differentiated proteins classified as involved in 14 metabolic pathways and cellular processes. Among them, eight proteins: (1) the precursor of RuBisCO large subunit, (2) RuBisCO small subunit (partial), (3) RuBisCO activase small isoform, (4) the precursor of Oxygen-evolving enhancer protein 1-like (predicted protein), (5) Oxygen-evolving enhancer protein 2, (6) the leaf isozyme of Ferredoxin-NADP reductase, (7) hypothetical protein M569_12509 Cytochrome P450-dependent fatty acid hydroxylase-like and (8) hypothetical protein BRADI_1g11290 (14-3-3 protein A-like) were accumulated to a higher level in leaves of cold-hardened seedlings of freezing tolerant winter barley DH lines in comparison with susceptible ones. Three others: (9) hypothetical protein BRADI_5g05668 F1 ATP synthase beta subunit-like, (10) predicted protein uncharacterized mitochondrial protein AtMg00810-like and (11) BnaA02g08010D Ribosomal RNA small subunit methyltransferase G-like were detected at lower level in freezing tolerant seedlings in comparison with susceptible genotypes. The last two were for the first time linked to cold acclimation. The results of complementary analyses indicate that PSII activity and stability of antioxidative enzymes under low temperature are also very important for freezing tolerance acquisition.