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Application of time–temperature superposition principle to Chinese fir orthotropic creep

Peng, Hui, Jiang, Jiali, Lu, Jianxiong, Cao, Jinzhen
Journal of wood science 2017 v.63 no.5 pp. 455-463
Cunninghamia lanceolata, engineering, models, temperature, viscoelasticity, wood
The application of time–temperature superposition principle (TTSP) to orthotropic creep in dry Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata [Lamb.] Hook.) was investigated through a sequence of short-term tensile creep for longitudinal (L), radial (R), and tangential (T) specimens in the temperature range of 30–150 °C. A visual assessment for the validity of TTSP was carried out by applying the approximated complex plane (ACP). The results showed that TTSP was well matched for R and T specimens using horizontal shift factor to construct master curves. As for L specimen, an additional vertical shift factor was applied to construct a smooth master curve, owing to the temperature-dependent compliance. Based on the application of ACP, the creep model governed by a power law was proposed to successfully depict the master curve for each main anatomy direction. The present study partially provided the firsthand data in verifying the applicability of TTSP of the orthotropic viscoelasticity of Chinese fir wood, and successfully constructed the rheological model to predict the orthotropic creep response. More importantly, the result can function as the base to the structural safety designs for the engineering structures of Chinese fir in practice.