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Kinetic characterization for hemicellulose hydrolysis of corn stover in a dilute acid cycle spray flow-through reactor at moderate conditions

Jin, Qiang, Zhang, Hongman, Yan, Lishi, Qu, Liang, Huang, He
Biomass and bioenergy 2011 v.35 no.10 pp. 4158-4164
activation energy, corn stover, furfural, hemicellulose, hydrolysis, models, neutralization, sulfuric acid, temperature, xylose
The kinetic characterization of hemicellulose hydrolysis of corn stover was investigated using a new reactor of dilute acid cycle spray flow-through (DCF) pretreatment. The primary purpose was to obtain kinetic data for hemicellulose hydrolysis with sulfuric acid concentrations (10–30 kg m⁻³) at relatively low temperatures (90–100 °C). A simplified kinetic model was used to describe its performance at moderate conditions. The results indicate that the rates of xylose formation and degradation are sensitive to flow rate, temperature and acid concentration. Moreover, the kinetic data of hemicellulose hydrolysis fit a first-order reaction model and the experimental data with actual acid concentration after accounting for the neutralization effect of the substrates at different temperatures. Over 90% of the xylose monomer yield and below 5.5% of degradation product (furfural) yield were observed in this reactor. Kinetic constants for hemicellulose hydrolysis models were analyzed by an Arrhenius-type equation, and the activation energy of xylose formation were 111.6 kJ mol⁻¹, and 95.7 kJ mol⁻¹ for xylose degradation, respectively.