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Collagen Peptides from Crucian Skin Improve Calcium Bioavailability and Structural Characterization by HPLC–ESI-MS/MS

Hou, Tao, Liu, Yanshuang, Guo, Danjun, Li, Bo, He, Hui
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.40 pp. 8847-8854
alkaline phosphatase, bioavailability, blood serum, bone density, bone formation, bone resorption, calcium, collagen, femur, models, peptides, tibia
The effects of collagen peptides (CPs), which are derived from crucian skin, were investigated in a retinoic acid-induced bone loss model. The level of serum bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) in the model group (117.65 ± 4.66 units/L) was significantly higher than those of the other three groups (P < 0.05). After treatment with 600 and 1200 mg of CPs/kg, the level of BALP decreased to 85.26 ± 7.35 and 97.03 ± 7.21 units/L, respectively. After treatment with 600 mg of CPs/kg, the bone calcium content significantly increased by 22% (femur) and 12.38% (tibia) compared to those of the model group. In addition, the bone mineral density in the 600 mg of CPs/kg group was significantly higher (femur, 0.37 ± 0.02 g/cm²; tibia, 0.33 ± 0.02 g/cm²) than in the model group (femur, 0.26 ± 0.01 g/cm²; tibia, 0.23 ± 0.02 g/cm²). The morphology results indicated bone structure improved after the treatment with CPs. Structural characterization demonstrated that Glu, Lys, and Arg play important roles in binding calcium and promoting calcium uptake. Our results indicated that CPs could promote calcium uptake and regulate bone formation.