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The impact of adsorption on the exposure assessment of Bacillus thuringiensis in the water-sediment system: a mathematical model approach
- Cervelli, Stefano, Rossi, Elisabetta, Nuti, Marco
- Biology and fertility of soils 2017 v.53 no.8 pp. 929-937
- Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai, adsorption, bacteria, bacterial toxins, biocides, environmental fate, exposure assessment, mathematical models, nontarget organisms, pesticides, plant protection, sediments, soil water
- A model to assess the environmental fate of bacteria to be used as plant protection products or biocides is presented. The model, based on a black-box approach, takes into account the bacterial cell adsorption on the sediment phase and the degradation kinetics and allows the calculation of the expected environmental density of bacterial cells and the predicted environmental concentration of bacterial toxins in the water-sediment system. An example of calculation results is reported for the study cases of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai strain GC-91, B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki strain ABTS-351, and B. thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis strain NB 176, used as plant protection products, and B. thuringiensis subsp. israelensis strains AM 65–52 and SA3A, used as biocides. The calculation of expected environmental density and predicted environmental concentration for bacteria in soil-water systems allows to achieve an appropriate risk assessment of the environmental fate and of the impact of bacterial pest control agents or bacterial biocides on non-target organisms.