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Moisture-dependent orthotropic elasticity and strength properties of Chinese fir wood

Jiang, Jiali, Bachtiar, Erik Valentine, Lu, Jianxiong, Niemz, Peter
European journal of wood and wood products 2017 v.75 no.6 pp. 927-938
Cunninghamia lanceolata, elasticity (mechanics), models, modulus of elasticity, strength (mechanics), water content, wood
Elastic and strength properties are very important material characteristics in mechanical modelling. Due to the anisotropic and hygroscopic nature of wood, a characterization of wood mechanical behavior will require knowledge of its moisture-dependent properties in relation to the three principal axes of anisotropy. The influence of moisture content (MC) on the elastic and strength anisotropy of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata [Lamb.] Hook) wood was examined in the present study. Selected parameters, including the anisotropic Young’s moduli, shear moduli, Poisson’s ratios, yield and ultimate stress values in the longitudinal, radial and tangential directions, were determined in compression and tension tests at different moisture conditions. The results indicated that a distinct moisture dependency is exhibited for the elastic and strength behavior of Chinese fir wood. With the exception of some Poisson’s ratios, all investigated elastic and strength parameters were shown to decrease with increasing MC, whereby individual moduli and strength values were affected by the MC to different degrees. The two- and three-dimensional representation of the compliance matrix and the two-dimensional visualization of a yield surface give a valuable overview on the moisture-dependent elastic and strength anisotropy of Chinese fir wood.