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Effects of pH, initial Pb2+ concentration, and polyculture on lead remediation by three duckweed species
- Tang, Jie, Chen, Chunxia, Chen, Lei, Daroch, Maurycy, Cui, Yan
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2017 v.24 no.30 pp. 23864-23871
- Landoltia punctata, Lemna aequinoctialis, Spirodela polyrhiza, lead, pH, phytoremediation, synergism
- Various geographical duckweed isolates have been developed for phytoremediation of lead. The Pb²⁺ removal efficiency of Lemna aequinoctialis, Landoltia punctata, and Spirodela polyrhiza was investigated in monoculture and polyculture at different levels of pH and initial Pb²⁺ concentrations. L. aequinoctialis was not sensitive to the tested pH but significantly affected by initial Pb²⁺ concentration, whereas synergistic effect of pH and initial Pb²⁺ concentration on removal efficiency of L. punctata and S. polyrhiza was found. Although the majority of polycultures showed median removal efficiency as compared to respective monocultures, some of the polycultures achieved higher Pb²⁺ removal efficiencies and can promote population to remove Pb²⁺. Besides, the three duckweed strains could be potential candidates for Pb²⁺ remediation as compared to previous reports. Conclusively, this study provides useful references for future large-scale duckweed phytoremediation.