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Determination of plasmatic cortisol for evaluation of animal welfare during slaughter
- Ceci, Edmondo, Marchetti, Patrizia, Samoilis, Giorgio, Sportelli, Stefano, Roma, Rocco, Barrasso, Roberta, Tantillo, Giuseppina, Bozzo, Giancarlo
- Italian journal of food safety 2017 v.6 no.3
- Charolais, animal welfare, calves, cortisol, slaughter, slaughterhouses
- The plasmatic cortisol levels of 60 eight-month-old calves (Charolais breed) were measured as stress indicators resulting from two types of slaughter: traditional and religious rite. The plasmatic cortisol levels were evaluated during three different stages of their productive life: during growth, after transport and during slaughter. The thirty calves slaughtered after stunning showed plasmatic cortisol values of 4.85±3.2; 36.36±12.2 and 45.08±14.1 nmol/L, during growth, in the slaughterhouse stables and during exsanguination, respectively. Conversely, the average values found in the thirty calves subjected to ritual slaughter were 2.96±1.2; 31.65±25.4 and 68.70±30.6 nmol/L. The results of the study showed that animal welfare should be improved in both forms of slaughter.