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Active Antioxidizing Particles for On-Demand Pressure-Driven Molecular Release

Seo, Yongbeom, Leong, Jiayu, Teo, Jye Yng, Mitchell, Jennifer W., Gillette, Martha U., Han, Bumsoo, Lee, Jonghwi, Kong, Hyunjoon
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2017 v.9 no.41 pp. 35642-35650
brain, drugs, encapsulation, epigallocatechin gallate, green tea, hydrogen peroxide, inflammation, manganese dioxide, nanosheets, neoplasms, oxidation, oxidative stress, oxygen, tissues
Overproduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) are closely related to various health problems including inflammation, infection, and cancer. Abnormally high ROS levels can cause serious oxidative damage to biomolecules, cells, and tissues. A series of nano- or microsized particles has been developed to reduce the oxidative stress level by delivering antioxidant drugs. However, most systems are often plagued by slow molecular discharge, driven by diffusion. Herein, this study demonstrates the polymeric particles whose internal pressure can increase upon exposure to H₂O₂, one of the ROS, and in turn, discharge antioxidants actively. The on-demand pressurized particles are assembled by simultaneously encapsulating water-dispersible manganese oxide (MnO₂) nanosheets and green tea derived epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) molecules into a poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) spherical shell. In the presence of H₂O₂, the MnO₂ nanosheets in the PLGA particle generate oxygen gas by decomposing H₂O₂ and increase the internal pressure. The pressurized PLGA particles release antioxidative EGCG actively and, in turn, protect vascular and brain tissues from oxidative damage more effectively than the particles without MnO₂ nanosheets. This H₂O₂ responsive, self-pressurizing particle system would be useful to deliver a wide array of molecular cargos in response to the oxidation level.