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Influence of Groundnut bud necrosis virus on the Life History Traits and Feeding Preference of Its Vector, Thrips palmi

Daimei, Guisuibou, Raina, Harpreet Singh, Devi, Pukhrambam Pushpa, Saurav, Gunjan Kumar, Renukadevi, Perumal, Malathi, Varagur Ganesan, Senthilraja, Chinnaiah, Mandal, Bikash, Rajagopal, Raman
Phytopathology 2017 v.107 no.11 pp. 1440-1445
Peanut bud necrosis virus, Thrips palmi, adults, cowpeas, fecundity, feeding preferences, instars, leaves, life history, longevity, mortality, peanuts, plant diseases and disorders, plant viruses, tomatoes
The effect of Groundnut bud necrosis virus (GBNV) infection on the life history traits of its vector, Thrips palmi, and its feeding preference on GBNV-infected plants were studied. A significant difference was observed in the developmental period (first instar to adult) between the GBNV-infected and healthy thrips, wherein the developmental period of GBNV-infected thrips was decreased. However, there was no effect on the other parameters such as preadult mortality, adult longevity, and fecundity. Further investigation on a settling and feeding choice assay of T. palmi to GBNV-infected and healthy plants showed that T. palmi preferred GBNV-infected cowpea plants more than the healthy cowpea plants. This preference was also noticed for leaf disks from GBNV-infected cowpea, groundnut, and tomato plants.