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Differences in Fusarium Species in brown midrib Sorghum and in Air Populations in Production Fields
- Funnell-Harris, Deanna L., Scully, Erin D., Sattler, Scott E., French, Roy C., O’Neill, Patrick M., Pedersen, Jeffrey F.
- Phytopathology 2017 v.107 no.11 pp. 1353-1363
- Fusarium thapsinum, Sorghum bicolor, air, biosynthesis, cell wall components, flowering, fungi, leaves, lignin, mycotoxins, seed development, statistical analysis, vegetative growth
- Several Fusarium spp. cause sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) grain mold, resulting in deterioration and mycotoxin production in the field and during storage. Fungal isolates from the air (2005 to 2006) and from leaves and grain from wild-type and brown midrib (bmr)-6 and bmr12 plants (2002 to 2003) were collected from two locations. Compared with the wild type, bmr plants have reduced lignin content, altered cell wall composition, and different levels of phenolic intermediates. Multilocus maximum-likelihood analysis identified two Fusarium thapsinum operational taxonomic units (OTU). One was identified at greater frequency in grain and leaves of bmr and wild-type plants but was infrequently detected in air. Nine F. graminearum OTU were identified: one was detected at low levels in grain and leaves while the rest were only detected in air. Wright’s F statistic (FST) indicated that Fusarium air populations differentiated between locations during crop anthesis but did not differ during vegetative growth, grain development, and maturity. FST also indicated that Fusarium populations from wild-type grain were differentiated from those in bmr6 or bmr12 grain at one location but, at the second location, populations from wild-type and bmr6 grain were more similar. Thus, impairing monolignol biosynthesis substantially effected Fusarium populations but environment had a strong influence.