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Biochemical indicators of root damage in rice (Oryza sativa) genotypes under zinc deficiency stress

Lee, Jae-Sung, Wissuwa, Matthias, Zamora, Oscar B., Ismail, Abdelbagi M.
Journal of plant research 2017 v.130 no.6 pp. 1071-1077
Oryza sativa, acetates, alpha-glycerophosphoric acid, antioxidant activity, biomass, crop production, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, genotype, high performance liquid chromatography, hydroponics, leaves, metabolites, nutrient deficiencies, oxidative stress, rice, roots, soil, solutes, zinc
Zn deficiency is one of the major soil constraints currently limiting rice production. Although recent studies demonstrated that higher antioxidant activity in leaf tissue effectively protects against Zn deficiency stress, little is known about whether similar tolerance mechanisms operate in root tissue. In this study we explored root-specific responses of different rice genotypes to Zn deficiency. Root solute leakage and biomass reduction, antioxidant activity, and metabolic changes were measured using plants grown in Zn-deficient soil and hydroponics. Solute leakage from roots was higher in sensitive genotypes and linked to membrane damage caused by Zn deficiency-induced oxidative stress. However, total root antioxidant activity was four-fold lower than in leaves and did not differ between sensitive and tolerant genotypes. Root metabolite analysis using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography indicated that Zn deficiency triggered the accumulation of glycerol-3-phosphate and acetate in sensitive genotypes, while less or no accumulation was seen in tolerant genotypes. We suggest that these metabolites may serve as biochemical indicators of root damage under Zn deficiency.