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Reductive dehalogenation of DDT with folate models: Formation of the DDT metabolite spectrum under biomimetic conditions
- Denk, Michael K., Milutinović, Nicholas S.
- Chemosphere 2018 v.191 pp. 408-411
- DDD (pesticide), DDE (pesticide), DDT (pesticide), biomimetics, dehalogenation, folic acid, metabolism, metabolites, models
- The insecticide DDT is an omnipresent environmental contaminant and an ongoing toxicological concern. The recent discovery that methylenetetrahydrofolate (MTHF) models are capable of reducing a range of halocarbons to hydrocarbons under biomimetic conditions has prompted us to investigate the possible role of MTHF in the metabolism of DDT. We now report that the reaction of MTHF models with DDT produces no less than five known in vivo metabolites of DDT, namely DDD, DDE, DDMU, DBP, and DDM. The capability of the MTHF models to produce the full spectrum of known DDT dehalogenation products is strong evidence that the mechanistically obscure metabolism of DDT may involve MTHF. The findings also suggest that DDT should be capable of disrupting folate-dependent pathways.