Main content area

Resistance to Fusarium Wilt in watermelon accessions inoculated by chlamydospores

Costa, Antonio Elton Silva, da Cunha, Fábio Sanchez, Honorato, Alan da Cunha, Capucho, Alexandre Sandri, Dias, Rita de Cássia Souza, Borel, Jerônimo Constantino, Ishikawa, Francine Hiromi
Scientia horticulturae 2018 v.228 pp. 181-186
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum, Fusarium wilt, chlamydospores, conidia, cultivars, culture media, dipping, fungi, germplasm, inoculation methods, leaves, liquids, methodology, potatoes, roots, seeds, shoots, sucrose, vermiculite, watermelons
The present study aimed to evaluate different inoculation methods of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum in watermelon and the reaction of accessions from this crop. Firstly, seven inoculation methods using conidia were tested on the susceptible cultivar Sugar Baby, including the standard dipping method. The methods initially tested were not efficient; therefore, we tested a new methodology using chlamydospores which are fungus survival structures. After the production of chlamydospores in vermiculite enriched with liquid culture media potato and sucrose (PS), the new method was tested on an experiment comparing inoculation by conidia and chlamydospores. For the conidia method, the plants were inoculated after their final leaf formed. For chlamydospores, inoculations were done in plants or sowed seeds. The use of chlamydospores in sowed seeds was effective for the inoculation of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum in watermelon and showed the highest severity scores in relation to the others methods. The inoculation method using chlamydospores also obtained the shortest means of root and shoot length in the cultivars Charleston Gray and Sugar Baby. Thus, using this methodology, 25 accessions from the watermelon germplasm were evaluated 21days after inoculation with a grading scale. Eight accessions were classified as resistant, corresponding to 32% of accessions evaluated. Eight other accessions received the highest score of severity, proving the efficiency of the methology to evaluate the reaction to the disease.