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Protective effect of Danhong Injection combined with Naoxintong Capsule on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats

Wan, Jiayang, Wan, Haofang, Yang, Rongbin, Wan, Haitong, Yang, Jiehong, He, Yu, Zhou, Huifen
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2018 v.211 pp. 348-357
Oriental traditional medicine, Western blotting, adults, angiogenesis, blood serum, brain, cell growth, cerebrovascular disorders, chemokines, chlorides, drug interactions, endothelial cells, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, fibroblast growth factor 2, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, infarction, ischemia, males, nitric oxide, platelet-derived growth factor, protective effect, rats, staining, tissues, transforming growth factor beta 1, transmission electron microscopes, transmission electron microscopy, vascular endothelial growth factors, China
Danhong Injection (DHI) and Naoxintong Capsule (NXT) are renowned traditional Chinese medicine in China. The drug combination of DHI and NXT is frequently applied for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in clinic. However, there had been no pharmacological experiment studies of interaction between DHI and NXT. Due to the drug interactions, exploring their interaction profile is of great importance.In this study, focal cerebral I/R injury in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were induced by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) for 1h followed by reperfusion. Rats were divided into 5 groups: sham group, ischemia reperfusion untreated group (IRU), DHI group (DHI 10mL/kg/d), NXT group (NXT 0.5g/kg/d), DHI plus NXT group (DHI-NXT, DHI 10mL/kg/d plus NXT 0.5g/kg/d). All drug-treated groups were respectively successive administrated for 7 days after ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) injury. The effects on rat neurological function were estimated by neurological defect scores. Brain infarct volumes were determined based on 2, 3, 5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. Pathological changes in brain tissues were observed using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Levels of nitric oxide (NO), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in serum were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Immunohisto-chemistry and Western blot were used to detect the expressions of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), von Willebrand factor-microvessel vascular density (vWF-MVD), vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), angiogenin-1 (Ang-1), angiogenin-2 (Ang-2) and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) at day 7 after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury.Compared with IRU group and mono-therapy group (DHI group or NXT group), Danhong Injection combined with Naoxintong Capsule (DHI-NXT) group significantly ameliorated neurological deficits scores, infarct volume and pathological change, significantly decreased the overexpression of NO and the level of Ang-1, significantly increased the expressions of VEGF, Ang-2, G-CSF, GM-CSF, bFGF, PDGF, vWF, TGF-β1.The protective benefits on rat brain against I/R injury were clearly produced when DHI and NXT were used in combination, which provided rational guidance for clinical combined application of DHI and NXT, and this protection maybe associated with the up-regulation expressions of the related chemokines and growth factors of angiogenesis.