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Direct one-pot synthesis of cinnamaldehyde immobilized on gold nanoparticles and their antibiofilm properties B Biointerfaces

Ramasamy, Mohankandhasamy, Lee, Jin-Hyung, Lee, Jintae
Colloids and surfaces 2017 v.160 pp. 639-648
Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Gram-positive bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, antimicrobial properties, biofilm, colloids, confocal microscopy, direct contact, fungi, gold, heat, hyphae, light scattering, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, nanogold, nanoparticles, pH, reflectance, salts, synthesis, temperature, transmission electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, virulence
The objective of the present study was to develop a one-pot strategy to synthesis gold nanoparticle complexes using cinnamaldehyde, a potent antibiofilm agent which in its free form, exhibits high volatility and unstable nature. Hence, we developed cinnamaldehyde gold nanoparticles (CGNPs) in a single step to overcome the limitations of free cinnamaldehyde. Furthermore, reduction abilities of cinnamaldehyde under different experimental conditions, that is, varying precursor concentrations of cinnamaldehyde and gold, metal salts, pH, temperature, and light sources, were investigated. UV–vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and dynamic light-scattering measurements revealed that heat influenced the nanoparticle formation in the presence of cinnamaldehyde, and as produced cinnamaldehyde immobilized on gold nanoparticles were spherical, monodispersed, and stable by surface charge. CGNPs containing 0.01% cinnamaldehyde by weight exhibited effective biofilm inhibition of up to >80% against Gram positive bacteria (methicillin-sensitive and -resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus, MSSA and MRSA, respectively) and Gram negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and a fungus Candida albicans. In addition, CGNPs attenuated the virulence of C. albicans by inhibiting hyphae formation. Based on observations of their antibiofilm effects and confocal microscopy findings, CGNPs caused biofilm damage by direct contact. Thus, cinnamaldehyde appears to be a promising reduction material for the eco-friendly, one-pot synthesis of CGNPs with excellent antibiofilm activity.