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An integrated green process: Subcritical water, enzymatic hydrolysis, and fermentation, for biohydrogen production from coconut husk

Muharja, Maktum, Junianti, Fitri, Ranggina, Dian, Nurtono, Tantular, Widjaja, Arief
Bioresource technology 2018 v.249 pp. 268-275
biohydrogen, carbon dioxide, cellulose, coir, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation, hemicellulose, hydrogen production, lignin, pH, scanning electron microscopy, sugars, sustainable technology
The objective of this work is to develop an integrated green process of subcritical water (SCW), enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation of coconut husk (CCH) to biohydrogen. The maximum sugar yield was obtained at mild severity factor. This was confirmed by the degradation of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. The tendency of the changing of sugar yield as a result of increasing severity factor was opposite to the tendency of pH change. It was found that CO₂ gave a different tendency of severity factor compared to N₂ as the pressurizing gas. The result of SEM analysis confirmed the structural changes during SCW pretreatment. This study integrated three steps all of which are green processes which ensured an environmentally friendly process to produce a clean biohydrogen.