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Consequences of adding gum Arabic as a cryoprotectant on motility and viability of frozen stallion semen

Ali, Mohamed, Musa, Musa M., Alfadul, Sulaiman, Al-Sobayel, K.
Cryobiology 2017
acrosome, cryopreservation, cryoprotectants, egg yolk, freezing, gum arabic, plasma membrane, semen, sperm motility, stallions, viability
A trial was conducted to check effect of adding gum Arabic (GA) instead of egg yolk (EY) as a cryoprotectant for stallion sperm. Two experiments were designed; experiment I tested adding 3 levels of nonheated GA (i.e., 3, 6 and 9 g/100 mL diluents) in HF-20 extender. However, in experiment II the same levels were tested except that GA was heated at 80 °C for 60 min. HF-20 containing 10% of EY was used as control. In experiment I, sperm frozen in HF-20 containing nonheated GA exhibited lower percentages of motile sperm, progressively motile sperm and sperm with intact plasma membranes, vitality rate, and acrosome integrity after cooling or after deep freezing. Frozen semen in HF-20 containing 3–6% of preheated GA in experiment II maintained sperm motility at 46–50% and elevated progressive motility at 27%. The semen diluted in preheated GA (6%) and frozen exhibited a fertility rate of 40% (2/5). A similar fertility rate (40%) was found in the control semen (i.e. 10%) compared to those that were inseminated with frozen semen in preheated 3% GA (20%, 1/5). These results suggest that preheated GA could be used as an alternative cryoprotectant for cryopreserving stallion sperm.