Main content area

Exergoeconomic analysis and optimization of a solar based multigeneration system using multiobjective differential evolution algorithm

Rashidi, Halimeh, Khorshidi, Jamshid
Journal of cleaner production 2018 v.170 pp. 978-990
absorption, algorithms, desalination, exergy, reverse osmosis, solar collectors, system optimization
This paper presents and analyzes a multigeneration energy system that consists of a reverse osmosis desalination unit, water heater, organic Rankine cycle, photovoltaic solar collectors, and a single effect absorption chiller. In doing so, energy and exergy analysis are first performed to evaluate the performance of the system and determine the irreversibility of each component. Next, considering minimizing total cost rate and maximizing exergy efficiency as two objective functions, a multiobjective optimization approach based on differential evolution algorithm is proposed to determine the best design parameters. A self-adaptive technique is utilized to deal with the search capability, population diversity, and convergence speed of the proposed optimization algorithm. An external archive list is used to save all nondominated optimal solutions during the optimization. Dynamic crowding distance approach is employed to decrease archiving size without losing its characteristics. Furthermore, a fuzzy clustering approach is used to select the desired solution among the Pareto-optimal solutions. Simulation results are compared with two other multiobjective optimization algorithms and effectiveness of the proposed optimization method is verified using various indices. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is employed to evaluate effects of design parameters on exergy efficiency and total cost rate of the system.