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The Mesolithic–Neolithic transition: The view from Southwest Europe and the American Southwest
- Vierra, Bradley J., Carvalho, António Faustino
- Quaternary international 2019 v.515 pp. 208-224
- animals, farmers, foraging, plants (botany), villages, Europe, Mexico, Middle East, Southwestern United States, Western European region
- The transition from foraging to farming is certainly one of the most dramatic processes in human history. The use of domesticated plants and animals spread widely across Southwest Europe from the Near East. By contrast, domesticated plants solely moved across the American Southwest from Mexico. Research in Western Europe has traditionally focused on the movement of farming communities across the region which displaced or subsumed local foragers. Recently various aspects of this process have been debated including Mesolithic and Neolithic subsistence packages, continuity versus replacement, regional mobility and sedentism, the nature of early Neolithic villages, and the forager to farmer transition. We will explore this dynamic and varied process through studies conducted in Southwest Europe and the American Southwest. Although these two regions seem quite different, researchers in both areas are grappling with similar research issues.