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Genetic Engineering: A Possible Strategy for Protein–Energy Malnutrition Regulation

Guleria, Praveen, Kumar, Vineet, Guleria, Shiwani
Molecular biotechnology 2017 v.59 no.11-12 pp. 499-517
adulthood, brain, crops, death, developing countries, fruits, genetic engineering, grains, infants, legumes, longevity, nutrient content, nutritive value, protein energy malnutrition, stress tolerance, transgenic plants
Protein–energy malnutrition (PEM) has adversely affected the generations of developing countries. It is a syndrome that in severity causes death. PEM generally affects infants of 1–5 age group. This manifestation is maintained till adulthood in the form of poor brain and body development. The developing nations are continuously making an effort to curb PEM. However, it is still a prime concern as it was in its early years of occurrence. Transgenic crops with high protein and enhanced nutrient content have been successfully developed. Present article reviews the studies documenting genetic engineering-mediated improvement in the pulses, cereals, legumes, fruits and other crop plants in terms of nutritional value, stress tolerance, longevity and productivity. Such genetically engineered crops can be used as a possible remedial tool to eradicate PEM.