Main content area

Potential health benefits of natural products derived from truffles: A review

Patel, Seema, Rauf, Abdur, Khan, Haroon, Khalid, Shah, Mubarak, Mohammad S.
Trends in food science & technology 2017 v.70 pp. 1-8
Tuber magnatum, Tuber melanosporum, antioxidants, aphrodisiacs, ergosterol, food safety, mushrooms, nutritive value, phenolic compounds, plantations, polysaccharides, truffles
Truffle, the hypogeous, ascomycetous macrofungus, has been an appreciated food for ages, and it is gaining elevated status in the culinary domain. With the identification of its components such as ergosterol, tuberoside anandamide, polysaccharides, and phenolics, as well as the validation of nutritional benefits as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antitumor, antimicrobial, and aphrodisiac, it is attracting international consumer attention. However, due to the huge chasm between demand and supply, some varieties, such as the white Tuber magnatum and the Périgord or black truffle Tuber melanosporum are very expensive, which restricts their accessibility to only a limited population.This review summarizes the relevant literature and available data pertaining to the nutritional, health, and medicinal benefits and uses of truffles. So, this review can be a good reference for truffle research.Truffle plantations are being established, but they are riddled with a variety of challenges. The biological roles are also scantily-evaluated, unlike mushrooms, which render some potential consumers skeptic regarding their food safety. Awareness of their present standing might kindle interest among researchers to investigate their food and health scopes and to design strategies to enhance productivity.