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Effect of ultrasound pre-treatment on the physicochemical composition of Agave durangensis leaves and potential enzyme production

Contreras-Hernández, M.G., Ochoa-Martínez, L.A., Rutiaga-Quiñones, J.G., Rocha-Guzmán, N.E., Lara-Ceniceros, T.E., Contreras-Esquivel, J.C., Prado Barragán, L.A., Rutiaga-Quiñones, O.M.
Bioresource technology 2018 v.249 pp. 439-446
Agave durangensis, beta-fructofuranosidase, biomass, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, industry, inulinase, leaves, lignocellulose, physicochemical properties, solid wastes, temperature
Approximately 1 million tons of agave plants are processed annually by the Mexican tequila and mezcal industry, generating vast amounts of agroindustrial solid waste. This type of lignocellulosic biomass is considered to be agroindustrial residue, which can be used to produce enzymes, giving it added value. However, the structure of lignocellulosic biomass makes it highly recalcitrant, and results in relatively low yield when used in its native form. The aim of this study was to investigate an effective pre-treatment method for the production of commercially important hydrolytic enzymes. In this work, the physical and chemical modification of Agave durangensis leaves was analysed using ultrasound and high temperature as pre-treatments, and production of enzymes was evaluated. The pre-treatments resulted in modification of the lignocellulosic structure and composition; the ultrasound pre-treatment improved the production of inulinase by 4 U/mg and cellulase by 0.297 U/mg, and thermal pre-treatment improved β-fructofuranosidase by 30 U/mg.