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Nutritional physiology of mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus): Postprandial metabolic response to different diets and metabolic impacts on swim performance Part A Molecular & integrative physiology

Stieglitz, John D., Benetti, Daniel D., Grosell, Martin
Comparative biochemistry and physiology 2018 v.215 pp. 28-34
Coryphaena hippurus, adults, biochemical pathways, body weight, captive animals, diet, energy content, feeding level, forage, metabolism, migratory behavior, nutrition physiology, pelagic fish, satiety, thermic effect of food, water content
Migratory pelagic fish species, such as the mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus), must balance numerous metabolic demands simultaneously in order to survive in a challenging oceanic environment. Energetic support for such demands comes from a variety of natural prey items in the wild and can come from manufactured pelletized feed in captivity. This study quantified postprandial metabolism, commonly referred to as specific dynamic action (SDA), over time in adult mahi-mahi (706±25g; 38±0.7cm FL) in response to satiation feeding using three different natural and manufactured diets. Results indicate that during satiation feeding the amount of food ingested is dictated by energy content rather than prey mass, regardless of moisture content of the diet. Ingested meal energy did not differ significantly across groups (473±45kJ), nor did the duration of SDA (36±2.1h). Satiation feeding levels ranged from 2.9–16.2% bodyweight depending on the diet. Peak SDA and SDA magnitude were both significantly decreased in response to dry pelletized diet compared to the natural forage diets, despite equivalent energy consumption. Swim performance and maximum metabolic rate were not impacted significantly in satiation fed fish compared to unfed fish, supporting the evidence that mahi-mahi are able to maintain multiple metabolic demands at one time without compromising performance.