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Effects of broiler feed medications on Salmonella

Victoriya V. Volkova, Sue Ann Hubbard, Danny L. Magee, J. Allen Byrd, Richard H. Bailey, Robert W. Wills
Avian diseases 2014 v.57 pp. 640-644
Salmonella, broiler chickens, coccidiostats, cooling, disease prevalence, farms, feed deprivation, flocks, food and nutrition programs, growth promotion, managers, mash feed, medicated feeds, observational studies, poultry manure, questionnaires, Southeastern United States
This pilot analysis was conducted with data from 52 conventional grow-out broiler flocks in a prospective field observational study in the southeastern United States during 2003–2006. Each flock was sampled for Salmonella 1 wk before the end of grow-out, upon arrival at the processing plant, and during processing (prior to and immediately after carcass chilling). The broiler litter was sampled on the day of bird harvest. The grow-out feeding programs, including the medications delivered in feed, were surveyed with questionnaires completed by the broiler managers and feedmill managers. Each detail of the feeding program was tested for statistical association with the frequency of Salmonella in the flock at each sampling point, after accounting for variation in Salmonella frequency between the farms, broiler complexes, and companies. Significant associations were found between Salmonella frequency in the broiler flock pre- and postharvest and the inclusion of feeds containing individual coccidiostats and other antimicrobial growth promoters, days on feed, and total consumption of feeds containing these products, as well as with practices such as a mash feed and a nonmedicated withdrawal feed. The analysis provided testable hypotheses for how broiler feed medications impact the frequency of Salmonella in the flocks.