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A comparative study of multiple clinical enterovirus 71 isolates and evaluation of cross protection of inactivated vaccine strain FY-23 K-B in vitro

Yang, Ting, Li, Hua, Yue, Lei, Song, Xia, Xie, Tianhong, Ma, Shaohui, Meng, Huaqing, Zhang, Ye, He, Xin, Long, Runxiang, Yang, Rong, Luo, Fangyu, Xie, Zhongping, Li, Qihan
Virology journal 2017 v.14 no.1 pp. 206
Enterovirus A, antigens, antiserum, children, cross immunity, disease control, foot-and-mouth disease, genetic analysis, genotype, growth curves, hand, foot and mouth disease, humans, infants, monkeys, nervous system diseases, neutralization, neutralizing antibodies, rabbits, vaccination, vaccine development, vaccines, viruses, China
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the causative agents of hand, foot and mouth disease, which mostly affects infants and children and leads to severe neurological diseases. Vaccination offers the best option for disease control. We have screened the virus strain FY-23 K-B, which is used as an inactivated vaccine strain. An important issue in the development of vaccines is whether they provide cross protection against all other strains. METHODS: We collected and identified 19 clinical EV71 isolates from mainland China, which all belong to the C4 genotype. We established growth curves of the strains in Vero cells, performed genetic analysis, and evaluated the cross protection efficacy through neutralizing assays using antisera from a rabbit, monkey and adult human immunized with the FY-23 K-B vaccine strain. RESULTS: The antisera showed broad cross protection among the C4 subgroup strains and homotype strain. Neutralizing indexes (NIs) among the isolates and homotype strain of antisera varied between 56.2–1995.3 for rabbit, 17.8–42,169.7 for monkey and 31.6–17,782.8 for human, whereas NIs against Coxsackievirus A16 or other enteroviruses were below 10. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that FY-23 K-B used as an antigen could elicit broad spectrum neutralizing antibodies with cross protective efficacy among C4 genotype strains.