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Screening bioactive quality control markers of QiShenYiQi dripping pills based on the relationship between the ultra‐high performance liquid chromatography fingerprint and vascular protective activity

Zhuo, Limeng, Peng, Jingjing, Zhao, Yunli, Li, Dongxiang, Xie, Xiuman, Tong, Ling, Yu, Zhiguo
Journal of separation science 2017 v.40 no.20 pp. 4076-4084
Oriental traditional medicine, active ingredients, models, pharmacodynamics, quality control, screening, ultra-performance liquid chromatography
Traditional Chinese medicine consists of complex phytochemical constituents. Selecting appropriate analytical markers of traditional Chinese medicine is a critical step in quality control. Currently, the combination of fingerprinting and efficacy evaluation is considered as a useful method for screening active ingredients in complex mixtures. This study was designed to develop an orthogonal partial least squares model for screening bioactive quality control markers of QishenYiqi dripping pills based on the fingerprint–efficacy relationship. First, the chemical fingerprints of 49 batches of QishenYiqi dripping pill samples were established by ultra‐high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a photodiode array detector. Second, ultra‐high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole‐time‐of‐flight mass spectrometry was exploited to systematically investigate the 36 copossessing fingerprint components in QishenYiqi dripping pills. The vascular protective activity of QishenYiqi dripping pills was determined by using a cell counting kit‐8 assay. Finally, fingerprint–efficacy relationship was established by orthogonal partial least squares model. The results indicated that ten components exhibited strong correlation with vascular protective activity, and these were preliminarily screened as quality control markers. The present study provided a novel idea for the study of the pharmacodynamic material basis and quality evaluation of QishenYiqi dripping pills.