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Amino acids modified konjac glucomannan as green corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in HCl solution

Zhang, Kegui, Yang, Wenzhong, Yin, Xiaoshuang, Chen, Yun, Liu, Ying, Le, Jinxun, Xu, Bin
Carbohydrate polymers 2018 v.181 pp. 191-199
additives, amino acids, corrosion, dielectric spectroscopy, esters, hydrochloric acid, hydrogen production, konjac mannan, polymers, scanning electron microscopy, sorption isotherms, steel, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, water solubility, weight loss
Konjac glucomannan (KGM) was modified with amino acids to synthesize polysaccharide esters (KGMA and KGMH) which were evaluated as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 0.5M HCl solution by weight loss tests, Tafel curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The synthetic polymers were found to have the lower water absorbency and the higher water solubility than KGM. Gravimetric measurements showed the maximum efficiencies of KGMA and KGMH for decreasing the corrosion rate of metal at 2000ppm are up to 89.9% and 92.4%, respectively. Polarization curves indicated polysaccharide esters could retard both hydrogen evolution reaction and metal dissolution reaction and that the inhibitory effect was concentration dependent. Besides, EIS studies demonstrated the corrosion resistance of mild steel in hydrochloric acid was enhanced by polymer additives. The observations on mild steel surface by SEM suggested the metallic substrate obtained good protection against corrosion in inhibitor-containing HCl solution. The adsorptive behavior of polymer molecules including physisorption and chemisorption obeyed Langmuir isotherm and UV–vis spectra revealed the formation of inhibitor-ion complex. The better performance of KGMH on corrosion inhibition was attributed to the easier transfer of π-electron or n-electron, which was confirmed by quantum chemical calculations.