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Generation of interspecific hybrids between Trifolium vesiculosum and T. alexandrinum using embryo rescue

Kaur, Ajinder, Kaur, Kamal Preet, Kalia, Anu, Rani, Upasana, Kahlon, Jagroop Gill, Sharma, Rajesh, Malaviya, Devendra, Kapoor, Rahul, Sandhu, Jagdeep Singh
Euphytica 2017 v.213 no.11 pp. 253
alleles, forage yield, developmental stages, crossing, inheritance (genetics), Trifolium vesiculosum, genetic markers, microsatellite repeats, hybrids, texture, plantlets, males, seed set, ovules, cultivars, plant height, ovule culture, plant breeding, florets, stem rot, Trifolium alexandrinum, stomata
Interspecific hybrids were developed between Trifolium alexandrinum cultivar Wardan × Trifolium vesiculosum and T. alexandrinum cultivar BL1 × T. vesiculosum through embryo rescue, as the crosses failed to set seed under natural conditions. Trifolium vesiculosum was used as a donor/male parent in this study as it is reported to possess tolerance to stem rot and high forage yield. Fertilization in crossed florets of the crosses was manifested from the recovery of swollen ovaries (< 7.80%) and confirmed from the presence of one degenerated ovule in most (> 93.00%) of the swollen ovaries. The hybrid embryos at various developmental stages (heart, torpedo and cotyledonary) were rescued at a frequency of 2.56% from Wardan × T. vesiculosum and 6.12% from BL1 × T. vesiculosum. Differentiation occurred only in the cotyledonary stage embryos, resulting in 17 putative interspecific hybrid plantlets. The assessment of plantlet hybridity through SSR markers (for the alleles inherited from the donor parent), micromorphological leaf traits (leaf texture and stomata) and morphological characters (plant height, leaflet length and width) confirmed production of two interspecific hybrids designated as AV1 and BV3 representing both the crosses. AV1 displayed moderate resistance and BV3 was resistant to stem rot.