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Assessment of spray deposition with water-sensitive paper cards
- Masoud Salyani, Heping Zhu, Roy D. Sweeb, Naresh Pai
- CIGR ejournal 2013 v.15 no.2 pp. 101-111
- Citrus, droplets, image analysis, nozzles, paper, pesticide application, spatial distribution, spray coverage, spray deposition, spray volume, systems analysis
- Spatial distributions of spray droplets discharged from an airblast sprayer, were sampled on pairs of absorbent paper (AP) and water-sensitive paper (WSP) targets at several distances from the sprayer. Spray solutions, containing a fluorescent tracer, were discharged from two size nozzles to achieve low and high volume rates commonly used in citrus applications. Spray deposits on AP targets were measured by fluorometry and spray coverage areas on WSP cards were assessed by three independent image analysis systems. Generally, there were good correlations (R2 = 0.9085 to 0.9748) among the three imaging systems in measuring WSP percent area coverage. Lower volume rate (smaller droplets) provided more useful WSP targets than higher volume rate (larger droplets). Overall, there were somewhat weak correlations between WSP area coverage and AP spray deposition measurements. Volume median diameter and number of droplet stains on WSP cards , obtained by only two imaging systems, showed noticeable differences between the measurements of the two systems.