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Probiotic Characteristics of Lactobacillus curvatus DN317, a Strain Isolated from Chicken Ceca

Zommiti, Mohamed, Connil, Nathalie, Hamida, Jeannette Ben, Ferchichi, Mounir
Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins 2017 v.9 no.4 pp. 415-424
Bacillus subtilis, Campylobacter jejuni, Lactobacillus curvatus, Listeria monocytogenes, acid phosphatase, alpha-galactosidase, ampicillin, antibiotic resistance, antimicrobial properties, beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase, beta-galactosidase, beta-glucosidase, beta-glucuronidase, bile, biosurfactants, carboxylic ester hydrolases, cecum, chickens, chloramphenicol, cholesterol, chymotrypsin, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, cysteine, digestive system diseases, enzyme activity, erythromycin, gentamicin, human cell lines, interleukin-10, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, kanamycin, leucine, pH, probiotics, secretion, streptomycin, valine, vancomycin, viability
The probiotic characteristics of Lactobacillus curvatus DN317, a strain isolated from chicken ceca, were evaluated. This strain was selected for study from the isolated Lactobacillus strains because it has specific anti-microbial activity against Campylobacter jejuni ATCC 33560, Camp. jejuni NCTC 11168, Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644, and Bacillus subtilis ATCC 8633. Lact. curvatus DN317 showed an auto-aggregation percentage of 72% and presented the highest co-aggregation with Lact. monocytogenes ATCC 7644 (68%) compared to B. subtilis ATCC 8633 (45%), Camp. jejuni ATCC 33560 (36%), and Camp. jejuni NCTC 11168 (35%). The data revealed that Lact. curvatus DN317 could survive at 0.25% bile, maintain viability at pH 2.5 for 30 min, produce biosurfactants, and adhere to Caco-2 cells. Quantification of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and β-defensin 2 levels shows that Lact. curvatus DN317 induces an increase in IL-8 and β-defensin 2 secretion, while the levels of IL-6 and IL-10 do not change. Lact. curvatus DN317 showed high levels of esterase and cysteine arylamidase activities (5); moderate levels of esterase lipase, β-galactosidase, and α-galactosidase activities (4, 3); and weak levels of leucine arylamidase, valine arylamidase, and acid phosphatase activity (1). Various activities were obtained of α-chymotrypsin, β-glucuronidase, β-glucosidase, and N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase, which have been associated with intestinal diseases. Lact. curvatus DN317 lowered the cholesterol level in MRS with and without bile. Antibiotic susceptibility tests indicated that DN317 was sensitive to ampicillin, gentamicin, kanamycin, streptomycin, tetracycline, clindamycin, erythromycin, and vancomycin but was resistant to chloramphenicol and ciprofloxacin. These results suggest that Lact. curvatus DN317 could potentially function as a probiotic.