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Profiling neuron-autonomous lncRNA changes upon ischemia/reperfusion injury

Li, Haiying, Wu, Youjia, Suo, Guihai, Shen, Feifei, Zhen, Yuqin, Chen, Xia, Lv, Haitao
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.495 no.1 pp. 104-109
apoptosis, genes, homeostasis, ischemia, messenger RNA, neurons, non-coding RNA, pathophysiology, screening, stroke, transcriptome
Extensive changes of neuronal transcriptome occur post ischemic stroke and during the following reperfusion. Although numerous studies focused on transcriptome changes of mRNAs associated with ischemic stroke, little is known about whether and how long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which play critical roles in cellular homeostasis, are involved in this process. In this study, we performed high throughput screening to analyze expression changes of lncRNAs in primarily cultured hippocampal neurons under an oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) condition at 0 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 18 h, respectively. Knock down of one validated lncRNAs (Tnxa-ps1) promoted neuronal survival by inhibiting apoptosis. Coding non-coding co-expression network analysis revealed that the expression of Tnxa-ps1 was highly correlated with changes of a particular group of genes, many of which are associated with neural protection. Finally, we showed that down-regulation of Tnxa-ps1 reversed the expression changes of four mRNAs post OGD/R, revealing a regulatory effect between Tnxa-ps1 and selected genes. Together, our data revealed possible participation of lncRNAs in the pathophysiology of OGD/R and thereby provided new insights into the studies of potential therapeutic targets for ischemic stroke.