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A non-linear optimization programming model for air quality planning including co-benefits for GHG emissions
- Turrini, Enrico, Carnevale, Claudio, Finzi, Giovanna, Volta, Marialuisa
- The Science of the total environment 2018 v.621 pp. 980-989
- air quality, carbon dioxide, cost effectiveness, decision making, energy, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, issues and policy, models, planning, pollution, troposphere, Italy
- This paper introduces the MAQ (Multi-dimensional Air Quality) model aimed at defining cost-effective air quality plans at different scales (urban to national) and assessing the co-benefits for GHG emissions. The model implements and solves a non-linear multi-objective, multi-pollutant decision problem where the decision variables are the application levels of emission abatement measures allowing the reduction of energy consumption, end-of pipe technologies and fuel switch options. The objectives of the decision problem are the minimization of tropospheric secondary pollution exposure and of internal costs. The model assesses CO2 equivalent emissions in order to support decision makers in the selection of win-win policies. The methodology is tested on Lombardy region, a heavily polluted area in northern Italy.