Main content area

Acid hydrolysis of waxy starches with different granule size for nanocrystal production

Sanchez de la Concha, Brenda B., Agama-Acevedo, Edith, Nuñez-Santiago, Maria C., Bello-Perez, Luis A., Garcia, Hugo S., Alvarez-Ramirez, Jose
Journal of cereal science 2018 v.79 pp. 193-200
X-ray diffraction, acid hydrolysis, amaranth starch, crystal structure, nanocrystals, starch, sulfuric acid, waxy corn
Acid hydrolysis of waxy maize and amaranth starches was achieved for nanocrystal production. Both starches are of the waxy type with an A-type crystallinity pattern. The mean granule sizes were ∼1–2 μm for amaranth starch and ∼15–18 μm for waxy maize. The starches (15 g dry basis) were subjected to acid hydrolysis with 100 mL of 3.16 M H2SO4 at 40 °C for 3, 5 and 10 days. The hydrolysis extent was higher for amaranth starch, which had a smaller granule size, although the nanocrystal yield was lower because the hydrolysis reactions were more likely to destroy the more crystalline regions. The X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the relative crystallinity increased by approximately 50% after ten days of hydrolysis, although the intrinsic crystallinity order as indicated by the Miller indices was greatly affected. A determination of the chain length distribution showed that a smaller granule size favoured the formation of shorter chains because the hydrolysis reactions were promoted by the relatively small resistance of proton transport to the inner granule region.