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Genetic screening of FecB, FecXG and FecXI mutations and their linkage with litter size in Barki and Rahmani sheep breeds

El‐Seedy, AS, Hashem, NM, El‐Azrak, KM, Nour El‐Din, ANM, Ramadan, TA, Taha, TA, Salem, MH
Reproduction in domestic animals 2017 v.52 no.6 pp. 1133-1137
adults, breeding programs, ewes, fecundity, genes, genetic testing, inheritance (genetics), litter size, ovulation, polymerase chain reaction, restriction fragment length polymorphism, screening, sheep breeds
Characterization of fecundity genes offers the opportunity to improve production efficiency, and the consequent increase in litter size in livestock industry, through utilizing them in breeding programs. The main objective of this study was to detect the BMPR‐IB, BMP15 and GDF9 gene mutations and to investigate whether these mutations are associated with litter size in Egyptian sheep breeds. To achieve this goal, 73 adult ewes representing Barki (n = 33) and Rahmani (n = 40) breeds were used. Polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR‐RFLP) screening approach was used to detect the presence of FecB, FecXᴳ and FecXᴵ mutations in the two selected breeds. Results of this study showed that the three different candidate gene mutations, namely FecB, FecXᴳ and FecXᴵ are not present among these selected populations of the Egyptian breeds. Further studies regarding other mutations and/or other genes, which may influence ovulation rate, should be carried out to determine the type and mode of inheritance of such genes in Egyptian sheep breeds.