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Serum testosterone, sperm quality, cytological, physicochemical and biochemical characteristics of the prostatic fraction of dogs with prostatomegaly

Aquino‐Cortez, A, Pinheiro, BQ, Silva, HVR, Lima, DBC, Silva, TFP, Souza, MB, Viana, DA, Xavier Júnior, FAF, Evangelista, JSAM, Brandão, FZ, Silva, LDM
Reproduction in domestic animals 2017 v.52 no.6 pp. 998-1003
acid phosphatase, albumins, alkaline phosphatase, biomarkers, blood sampling, blood serum, calcium, chlorides, cholesterol, dogs, glucose, hemoglobin, magnesium, osmolality, pH, phosphorus, sperm motility, sperm quality, testosterone, triacylglycerols, viability, vigor
Prostatomegaly is a common finding in older non‐neutered dogs. This study compared the serum testosterone, sperm quality and characteristics of the prostatic fraction between healthy dogs and dogs with prostatomegaly. Blood samples of ten dogs (five dogs from each group) were taken for serum testosterone measurement. Sperm motility, vigour, concentration, viability, membrane functionality and morphology were analysed in sperm‐rich fraction. Osmolality, pH, cell types, and albumin, haemoglobin, acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and chloride were analysed in prostatic fraction. Dogs with prostatomegaly have the lowest sperm motility, vigour, concentration and functional membrane. Dogs with prostatomegaly have the highest glucose, triglycerides and cholesterol. Glucose was the only constituent positively correlated with serum testosterone and prostate volume. It can be concluded that dogs with prostatomegaly have poorer sperm quality, and glucose, triglycerides and cholesterol in prostatic fraction can be used as prostatomegaly biomarkers.