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Screening, separation, and evaluation of xanthine oxidase inhibitors from Paeonia lactiflora using chromatography combined with a multi‐mode microplate reader

Wang, Jing, Shi, Dongfang, Zheng, Meizhu, Ma, Bing, Cui, Jing, Liu, Chunming, Liu, Chengyu
Journal of separation science 2017 v.40 no.21 pp. 4160-4167
Paeonia lactiflora, countercurrent chromatography, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, glycosides, gout, hyperuricemia, monoterpenoids, screening, ultrafiltration, xanthine oxidase
Natural products have become one of the most important resources for discovering novel xanthine oxidase inhibitors, which are commonly employed in the treatment of hyperuricemia and gout. However, to date, few reports exist regarding the use of monoterpene glycosides as xanthine oxidase inhibitors. Thus, we herein report the use of ultrafiltration coupled with liquid chromatography in the screening of monoterpene glycoside xanthine oxidase inhibitors from the extract of Paeonia lactiflora (P. lactiflora), and both high‐performance counter‐current chromatography and medium‐pressure liquid chromatography were employed to separate the main constituents. Furthermore, the xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities and the mechanisms of inhibition of the isolated compounds were evaluated using a multi‐mode microplate reader by Molecular Devices. As a result, three monoterpene glycosides were separated by combined high‐performance counter‐current chromatography and medium‐pressure liquid chromatography in purities of 90.4, 98.0, and 86.3%, as determined by liquid chromatography. These three compounds were identified as albiflorin, paeoniflorin, and 1‐O‐β‐ᴅ‐glucopyranosyl‐8‐O‐benzoylpaeonisuffrone by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry, and albiflorin and paeoniflorin were screened as potential xanthine oxidase inhibitors by ultrafiltration with liquid chromatography. The evaluation results of xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity corresponded with the screening results, as only albiflorin and paeoniflorin exhibited xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity.