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Effect of dietary iron (Fe) levels on growth performance, hepatic lipid metabolism and antioxidant responses in juvenile yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco

Luo, Z., Zou, G.‐Y., Gao, Y., Ye, H.‐M., Xi, W.‐Q., Liu, X.
Aquaculture nutrition 2017 v.23 no.6 pp. 1475-1482
Tachysurus fulvidraco, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, carnitine palmitoyltransferase, catalase, diet, enzyme activity, feed conversion, growth performance, iron, juveniles, lipid content, lipid metabolism, lipids, liver, malondialdehyde, messenger RNA, oxidative stress, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, protein efficiency ratio, regression analysis, specific growth rate, superoxide dismutase, weight gain
This study was conducted to determine effects of dietary Fe levels on growth performance, hepatic lipid metabolism and antioxidant response for juvenile yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco. Yellow catfish were fed six isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets containing Fe levels of 16.20, 34.80, 54.50, 76.44, 100.42 and 118.25 mg/kg for 8 weeks. Weight gain (WG) and specific growth rate (SGR) increased with dietary Fe levels from 16.20 to 54.50 mg/kg diet and then plateaued over the level. Feed conversion rate (FCR) was highest and protein efficiency rate (PER) was lowest for fish fed the lowest Fe levels of diet. Fe contents in whole body and liver increased with increasing dietary Fe levels. Hepatic lipid content was lowest, but mRNA levels of carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT‐1) and peroxisome proliferator‐activated receptor α (PPARα) were highest for fish fed 54.50 mg Fe/kg diet. Fish fed adequate dietary Fe levels reduced hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) level and increased activities of antioxidant enzymes Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT) and GS. Based on the broken‐line regression analysis of WG against dietary Fe levels, optimal dietary Fe requirement for yellow catfish was 55.73 mg Fe/kg diets. Fe‐induced changes in MDA levels and antioxidant enzymatic activities paralleled with the change in hepatic lipid content, suggesting the potential relationship between oxidative stress and hepatic lipid accumulation in yellow catfish.