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Vitrification of dog spermatozoa: Effects of two cryoprotectants (sucrose or trehalose) and two warming procedures

Caturla-Sánchez, E., Sánchez-Calabuig, M.J., Pérez-Gutiérrez, J.F., Cerdeira, J., Castaño, C., Santiago-Moreno, J.
Cryobiology 2018 v.80 pp. 126-129
Beagle, citric acid, cryopreservation, cryoprotectants, dogs, egg yolk, equipment, fluorescence microscopy, freezing, glucose, glycerol, nitrogen, semen, sperm quality, straw, sucrose, temperature, trehalose, vapors, viability, vitrification
Sperm vitrification is a low cost and simple technique that does not require special equipment and may represent an attractive alternative to the costly and time consuming conventional dog spermatozoa cryopreservation techniques. The objective of this study was to evaluate different cryoprotectants and warming temperatures on the vitrification of dog spermatozoa. Pooled semen samples from 10 beagle dogs were vitrified with four extenders, based on Tris, citric acid and glucose, 20% egg yolk (TCG-20% EY) and different combinations of sucrose and/or trehalose: 250 mM sucrose; 250 mM trehalose; 125 mM sucrose + 125 mM trehalose; 250 mM sucrose + 250 mM trehalose. Samples were vitrified by dropping 50 μL of sperm suspension directly into liquid nitrogen. After vitrification, warming was done either fast (at 65 °C for 2–5 s) or slow (at 37 °C for one minute). Motility was assayed using a computer-aided sperm analysis (CASA) system; membrane integrity and acrosomal status were analyzed by fluorescence microscopy. For comparison, samples were also conventionally frozen in liquid nitrogen vapor using a TCG-20% egg yolk extender plus 5% glycerol. Frozen straws were thawed in a water bath at 37 °C for 30 s. Poorer motility results (P < 0.05) but similar viability were obtained when vitrification was performed, compared to conventional freezing (P > 0.05). When vitrification was used, cryoprotectants containing either 250 mM sucrose or 250 mM trehalose and warmed at 37 °C returned the best sperm quality variables.