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Thermal properties and free radicals generation in starch isolated from pumpkin fruits

Author:
Przetaczek-Rożnowska, Izabela, Dyrek, Krystyna, Fortuna, Teresa, Wenda, Elżbieta, Bidzińska, Ewa, Jędrszczyk, Elżbieta
Source:
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018 v.108 pp. 1248-1254
ISSN:
0141-8130
Subject:
corn, corn starch, free radicals, fruits, heat treatment, pasting properties, potato starch, potatoes, pumpkins, retrogradation, starch, temperature, thermal properties, viscosity
Abstract:
The selected thermal and rheological properties of pumpkin starches were compared with values evaluated for corn and potato starch. The pumpkin starches had lower pasting temperatures (by near 3°C and 24°C than potato or corn starch respectively), the peak viscosity (nearly 2300mPas lower than potato starch) and higher final viscosities (by 80–120mPas than those for potato starch and by 1700mPas in relation to corn starch). The thermal profile of pumpkin starches examined by the DSC method were quite similar to those of potato starch but lower than those of corn. The retrogradation degree of pumpkin starch was lower by 5–26% than that for corn or potato starches. The thermal treatment of starches led to the formation of radicals. Pumpkin starches were less susceptible to the formation of radicals than potato starch and had less about 0.3–1.3×1015radicals/g than potato starch.
Agid:
5857913