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Observations of the Germination Behavior of Tilletia indica Teliospores on the Soil Surface under Varying Simulated Environmental Conditions

Peterson, Gary L., Berner, Dana K., Phillips, John G.
American Journal of Plant Sciences 2017 v.8 no.11 pp. 2878-2897
Tilletia indica, autumn, environmental factors, flowering, growth chambers, planting date, soil types, soil water, spore germination, teliospores, temperature profiles, water holding capacity, Hungary, Italy, Mexico, Norway, United Kingdom
A series of replicated growth chamber studies were conducted to determine the effects of soil type and simulated European temperature conditions from fall planting to anthesis in Hungary, United Kingdom, Italy and Norway on the initiation of Tilletia indica teliospore germination on the soil surface. A concurrent study examined effects on teliospore germination of a simulated temperature profile for Ciudad Obregon, Mexico, where Karnal bunt is known to occur. Three soil moisture treatments were tested; 40.5% water holding capacity (WHC), 16.2% WHC and weekly fluctuation of soil WHC. Results suggest that soil type would not have a significant effect on germination during the cropping season. Under all conditions tested, some portion of the teliospore population remained dormant but viable throughout the entire season. In comparing Mexican and Hungarian temperature profiles, highest soil surface germination for the Hungarian profile was at 40.5% WHC during the first 30 days of the simulation (30 days after planting date). The highest germination for the Mexican profile was at the 16.2% WHC during the last 30 days of the study (time of anthesis).