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Effect of packaging types and storage conditions on quality aspects of dried Thunbergia laurifolia leaves and degradation kinetics of bioactive compounds

Phahom, Traiphop, Kerr, William L., Pegg, Ronald B., Phoungchandang, Singhanat
Journal of food science and technology 2017 v.54 no.13 pp. 4405-4415
Thunbergia, air drying, aluminum, antioxidant activity, bioactive compounds, caffeic acid, catechin, color, equations, freeze drying, heat pumps, leaves, packaging, polypropylenes, pouches, storage conditions, water content
Thunbergia laurifolia leaves were dried by freeze drying (FD) and microwave heat pump dehumidified air drying (MHPD). The dried leaves were stored in polypropylene (PP) or aluminum laminated pouches (ALP) at 15, 25 or 35 °C and 60% RH. The samples were held for 180 days to observe changes in moisture content, color, total phenolics, antioxidant activity, catechin and caffeic acid. In general, samples in PP had a greater increase in moisture. Total phenolics content and ferric-reducing antioxidant power values increased for 120 days, then decreased thereafter. After 180 days, both FD and MHPD samples packaged in ALP and stored at 15 °C had the greatest total phenolics, antioxidant activity and bioactive compounds amongst the storage conditions. The first-order equation best described degradation behavior of catechin and caffeic acid for both drying technologies investigated.