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Redox and Catalytic Properties of Promoted NiO Catalysts for the Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethane
- Delgado, D., Solsona, B., Ykrelef, A., Rodríguez-Gómez, A., Caballero, A., Rodríguez-Aguado, E., Rodríguez-Castellón, E., López Nieto, J. M.
- The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2017 v.121 no.45 pp. 25132-25142
- Raman spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, air, catalysts, catalytic activity, dehydrogenation, ethane, ethylene, nickel oxide, oxygen, physical chemistry, tin, transmission electron microscopy
- NiO and metal-promoted NiO catalysts (M-NiO, with a M/(M+Ni) atomic ratio of 0.08, with M = Nb, Sn, or La) have been prepared, tested in the oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of ethane, and characterized by means of XRD, TPR, HRTEM, Raman, XPS, and in situ XAS (using H₂/He, air or C₂H₆/He mixtures). The selectivity to ethylene during the ODH of ethane decreases according to the following trend: Nb–NiO ≈ Sn–NiO > La–NiO > NiO, whereas the catalyst reducibility (determined by both TPR and XAS using H₂/He mixtures) shows the opposite trend. However, different reducibility and catalytic behavior in the absence of oxygen (ethane/He mixtures) have been observed, especially when comparing Nb- and Sn-promoted NiO samples. These differences can be ascribed mainly to a different phase distribution of the promoter. The results presented here are discussed in terms of the nature of active and selective sites for ODH of ethane in selective and unselective catalysts, but also the role of promoters and the importance of their phase distribution.