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Heterorhabditis amazonensis for biological control of fungus gnats Bradysia difformis in Daisy gerberas
- San-Blas, Ernesto, Luzardo, Mariangel, Portillo, Edgar, Fuenmayor, Yvan, Bastidas, Brynelly
- BioControl 2017 v.62 no.6 pp. 847-855
- Bradysia, Gerbera, Heterorhabditis, Mycetophilidae, adults, biological control, crops, farms, fungus gnats, greenhouses, larvae, mortality
- Fungus gnats (FG) have been reported in Venezuelan greenhouses recently. Bradysia difformis Frey (Diptera, Mycetophilidae) was found attacking Daisy gerbera plants [Gerbera sp. L. (Asterales: Asteraceae)] and many other crops in the country causing serious damages. Heterorhabditis amazonensis Andaló et al. (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae), was used to assess the mortality of larvae and adults of FG, number of invader nematodes per larvae and to compare the mortality of FG using nematodes and/or ciromazine under laboratory conditions. In a commercial flower farm, different doses of these nematodes were applied for eight weeks to control FG. The results showed 95% of mortality of the B. difformis larvae under laboratory conditions and performed better in the field when 50,000 nematodes were applied in every pot as a base dose to initiate a control programme. According to our results, H. amazonensis has the potential to become a regular organism for controlling fungus gnat larvae in tropical greenhouses.