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Emerging mosquito species in Germany—a synopsis after 6 years of mosquito monitoring (2011–2016)
- Kampen, Helge, Schuhbauer, Astrid, Walther, Doreen
- Parasitology research 2017 v.116 no.12 pp. 3253-3263
- Aedes albopictus, Anopheles petragnani, Culiseta, animals, global warming, globalization, monitoring, people, transportation, Germany
- Globalisation and climate change are the main drivers of invasion of non-endemic regions by mosquitoes. Mass transportation of people, animals and goods facilitate accidental long-distance displacement while climate warming supports active spread and establishment of thermophilic species. In the framework of a mosquito-monitoring programme, eight non-indigenous culicid species have been registered in Germany since 2011, with four of them being more or less efficient vectors of disease agents and another four now considered established. The eight newly emerged species include Aedes albopictus, Ae. japonicus, Ae. aegypti, Ae. koreicus, Ae. berlandi, Ae. pulcritarsis, Anopheles petragnani and Culiseta longiareolata. We here review recent findings and at the same time present new findings of specimens of non-native mosquito species in Germany.